Turkey is expected to release REACH-like chemical regulations soon. The regulation is called KKDIK as an acronym for the Turkish translation of “Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals.” The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization(MoEU) is the agency in charge of the new Turkey REACH.
Like REACH, the EU chemical regulations, Turkey’s KKDIK regulates manufacturers and importers of chemical substances and products made from those substances. Like REACH, it applies to goods in excess of one metric tonne per year.
KKDIK will replace several current laws:
- Regulation on the Inventory and Control of Chemicals
- Regulation on the Preparation and Distribution of Safety Datasheets for Hazardous Materials and Products
- Regulation on the Restrictions Relating to the Production, Supply to the Market and Use of Certain Hazardous Materials, Products and Goods
These regulations include obligations for manufacturers, importers, distributors, and downstream users. KKDIK is intentionally aligned to EU REACH, so companies which are on top of REACH registration should find it easier to prepare to register under KKDIK
The deadline for KKDIK registration is expected to be in December 2022, with preregistration deadlines in 2019.
Turkey’s relationship to the E.U.
Turkey applied to join the EU in 1997 and began talks for full membership in 2005, when 74% of Turkish voters expressed their desire to join the EU. Recent political events have stalled these talks, but there has been controversy all along about the geographic nature of Turkey. On a map, the majority of Turkey is part of the continent of Asia. However, Turkey is a very important trading partner for the EU. Turkey is the EU’s #4 export market and the #5 source of imports.
The EU is Turkey’s top trade partner by a wide margin. 38% of imports into Turkey come from the EU, and nearly half of Turkey’s exports go to the EU.
Chemicals are a particularly important part of this trade relationship. Chemical products and manufactured goods are the primary exports from the EU to Turkey.
Turkey as a market
“No Data, No Market: is the rallying cry of REACH2018. Everyone who wants to penetrate the EU market must comply with REACH. The same can be said of Turkey, once KKDIK is in force. Turkey has, in the 21st century, had steady economic growth and a young population. More than 1,000 U.S. businesses have already invested directly in Turkey, and observers consider Turkey a practical gateway to Asian markets for U.S. companies.
As a Eurasian nation, Turkey is a promising trade partner for Asian and African businesses as well.
Managing KKDIK compliance
Since KKDIK is expected to mesh well with REACH, compliance should be relatively straightforward for those who have already gone through the REACH registration process. Turkey’s current chemical regulations require companies to keep all data for a decade after registration.
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